KUALA LUMPUR — June 27, 2018: If breast cancer is the biggest health threat to women, men are more susceptible to colorectal cancer.
Besides that, individuals aged 50 and above are at a higher risk of developing the cancer due to various factors.
Among them are genetics, eating habit, smoking, obesity and diabetes. Hence, undergoing regular health screenings are important for early detection.
“Those who are experiencing symptoms such as a change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, weight loss and anaemia are advised to go to hospital to determine the exact cause,” said Health Director-General Datuk Dr. Noor Hisham Abdullah after launching the clinical practice guidelines on management of colorectal carcinoma at the Selayang Hospital today.
According to the Malaysian National Cancer Registry Report, between 35,000 and 40,000 cancer cases are recorded each year and of the total, 13.2 per cent comprise colorectal cancer cases.
“(Although) the screening will be carried out on high-risk cases, we should look for other methods.
“The colonoscopy procedure can also be carried out to detect colorectal cancer. The significant symptoms of the disease will only arise when it has progressed into stage three or four,” he said.
Noor Hisham advises the people to practise healthy eating habits by taking more high-fibre foods, limiting the consumption of alcohol as well as not taking too much red meat and processed food.
According to the American Cancer Society, colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. The cancer is also called colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where it begins.
Most colorectal cancer starts as a growth called polyps on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Some types of polyps can change into cancer over time but not all polyps become cancerous. — Bernama