KUALA LUMPUR — July 27, 2018: Chronic complications arising from the hand, foot and mouth (HFMD) disease can lead to death, warned a doctor.
According to public health specialist with the Health Ministry’s Disease Control Division, Dr. Norita Shamsudin, although HFMD is a mildly infectious contagious disease, the risks are high if it was not treated early.
Viral infections, especially Enterovirus 71 (EV71) can cause complications like dehydration, brain inflammation, heart and lung failure and ultimately death.
“That is what worries us the most because the majority of HFMD cases this year are caused by EV71,” she said.
The disease can infect anyone regardless of age, although almost 90 per cent of HFMD cases involved children below five years but a person who has had HFMD can still be infected again, depending on the body’s resistance.
What is important are the preventive measures that must be taken by parents and nursery operators to prevent the disease from spreading.
Cleanliness must be stressed and it is important that a child gets immediate treatment if there are signs of infection. They must also not to be taken to public places.
HFMD is a viral disease which can easily spread, especially through the Coxsackie A16 and EV71 virus, through contact with saliva, blisters and faeces. — Bernama