PARIS, Dec 20 2017 : The auction of one of the world’s earliest and most sordid erotic novels — the Marquis de Sade’s “120 Days of Sodom” — has been halted after the French state declared it a national treasure and said it could not be sold to a foreign buyer.
De Sade’s 1785 work, written in tiny script on 33 pieces of scroll while he was imprisoned in the Bastille, was due to be auctioned today as one of the prize items in a vast collection of notes, letters and musical scores being sold off.
The two lots, from a trove of documents and artifacts assembled by a now-defunct French company, had drawn interest from U.S. and European private buyers, Paris-based auctioneers Aguttes said.
De Sade’s daring novel — left behind in his cell when he moved out in 1789, during the French Revolution, and only later discovered and published — had been expected to fetch between 4 million and 6 million euros ($7.09 million).
It recounts the story of four aristocrats who resolve to experience every sexual perversion.
The works by Breton on surrealism, which helped define the 20th century artistic movement, had been forecast to sell for up to 5.5 million euros for the lot.
The auction is the first in a series of attempts to liquidate a 130,000-strong collection of artworks and literary treasures pulled together by Aristophil, a group set up in 1990 that raised funds from some 18,000 investors in exchange for a share in the pieces.
The company went bankrupt in 2015, causing losses for its backers, while founder Gerard Lheritier was detained and put under investigation for fraud, a charge he denies.