TOKYO, March 9 2018 : Major Asian nations reacted sharply to U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum imports today, warning of damage to close relations amid industry calls for retaliation.
Japan said the move would have a “big impact” on the countries’ close bilateral ties, while China said it was “resolutely opposed” to the decision and South Korea said it may file a complaint to the World Trade Organization.
China, which produces half the world’s steel, will assess any damage caused by the U.S. move and “firmly defend its legitimate rights and interests,” the country’s Ministry of Commerce said.
Trade tensions between China and United States have risen since Trump took office. China accounts for only a small fraction of U.S. steel imports, but its massive industrial expansion has helped create a global glut of steel that has driven down prices.
China’s steel and metals associations urged the government to retaliate against the United States, citing imports ranging from stainless steel to coal, agricultural products and electronics.
“The cost of a trade war will be tremendous and it will make everyone unhappy,” Junichi Makino, chief economist at SMBC Nikko Securities in Tokyo, said in a report today.
Trump’s declaration coincided with the signing by 11 countries of a new Trans-Pacific trade pact that the United States withdrew from last year.
South Korea and Australia both said they would seek exceptions.
Shares in China’s steel and aluminum makers fell this morning. Baoshan Iron & Steel was down around 3 percent, while Hesteel and Beijing Shougang were down less than 1 percent.
In South Korea, shares in Posco were down more than 2 percent, while in Tokyo Japan’s biggest steelmaker Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal was up slightly. – Reuters